# الإحصاء

## التبديلات والتوافقيات في علم الإحصاء

لقد مضى على نظرية الإحتمالات الرياضية مالايقل عن أكثر من ثلاثة مائة سنة. منذ إكتشافها بواسطة باسكال وفيرما Pascal and Fermat في القرن السابع عشر فقد أصبحت جزءاً لا يتجزأ من حياتنا اليومية. في وقت واحد أو لآخر جعلت كل واحد منا أن يتخذ فرص القرارات من خلال ، رمي النرد، أو سحب البطاقات. كثيراً ما حققنا الأحكام إستناداً إلى إحتمال أو إحتمال أن وقوع حدث معين سيحدث.
التطورات في النظرية وتطبيقات بسيطة لمجموعة من أنشطة الإحتمال هي مهمة لمثل العلوم الفيزيائية وعلم الوراثة، والعلوم الإجتماعية والإقتصاد والصناعة والهندسة والتأمين.

Title in English:
Permutations and Combinations in the Statistics Science
Abstract in English:
It has been on the theory of probability is sporting at least more than three hundred years. Since the discovery by Fermat and Pascal Pascal and Fermat in the seventeenth century has become an integral part of our daily lives. At one time or another have made each and every one of us to take chances through decisions , throw the dice , or pull the cards. Often made based on the provisions of the possibility or probability that a certain event will happen. Developments in the theory and simple applications to a range of potential activities are as important as the physical sciences and genetics, social sciences and economics , industry and engineering and insurance. Because of its use on a large scale, should be to provide the application of probability theory in mathematics in high school. In this unit of the curriculum will try to improve students ' understanding of the ideas included in the initial theory of probability . It will clearly define the unit important words and ideas. The formulas will solve the problems . The relays will be discussed Permutations, and combinations , and the Probability . Applications will appear theory to practical problems in the unit. After explaining each subject is given a set of practices . There are many of the basic objectives of this chapter of the book. Upon completion of the unit, the student will be able to : - Understand and appreciate the Probability use in everyday life. - Solve problems involving the Permutations, and combinations . - The definition of key terms used in mathematical probability . - Calculate the probability of the occurrence of a specific event that will happen.
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## Employing "Mobile Agents (MAs)" In the Internet services

Dr.Alla talal Yassin etc.
Abstract
In this paper, it is obvious show how current
technological trends may lead to present the employing of mobile agents in Internet services

Title in English:
Employing "Mobile Agents (MAs)" In the Internet services
Abstract in English:
Abstract In this paper, it is obvious show how current technological trends may lead to present the employing of mobile agents in Internet services because of Use of the Internet has exploded in recent years with the appearance of the World- Wide Web, and also It seems likely that, within a few years, nearly all major will be capable of hosting and willing to host some form of mobile code or mobile agents and it is also contributes towards such an evaluation and implements an Internet services using mobile agents. This paper also summarizes the advantages and disadvantages that arise in using these technological trends and discussed some of the trend deployment of mobile agent systems in internet services. It is also discuss other experiences on integrating components internet sites and applications, enabling them to receive and send agents with critical evolutionary and requirements of team work. However other experiences approach involves wrapping the components inside a Java that can be included in any internet services enables the servers to receive and send agents that can query of information. We discuss several technical and nontechnical hurdles along the path to that eventuality. A few years, nearly all major Internet sites will be capable of hosting and willing to host some form of mobile code or mobile agents. Keywords: mobile agents, internet services, Advantage of employing (MAs).
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## Mass Customization Cycle (MCC) through ETLC System

Abstract—This paper examines MC enabling technologies
and their impact on the success of MC systems in Cosay
Company by using System Dynamics analyzing. It also

Abstract in English:
Abstract—This paper examines MC enabling technologies and their impact on the success of MC systems in Cosay Company by using System Dynamics analyzing. It also demonstrated the effect of technology on the level of customization and production volume. This paper shows how technology contributes in the handling of the customers, the realization of the product or service, and the coordination between those two sides, which is a vital element to the success of an MC system. It has been found from the system dynamics model that the company's information system plays a major role in linking and coordinating the different sides of the MC cycle and also has a valuable input in market research and development. Index Terms—Mass customization cycle, system dynamic, case study.
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## اثر حجم العينة واسلوب اختيارها في الخصائص السيكومترية للمقاييس النفسية

اثر حجم العينة وأسلوب اختيارها في الخصائص السيكومترية للمقاييس النفسية
إعداد: رمزي حسن الشنباري
إشراف:
كامل ثامر الكبيسي

ملخص الرسالة

Title in English:
The Effect Of Sample Size And It's Selection Methods On
Abstract in English:
The Effect Of Sample Size And It's Selection Methods On The Psycho-metric Properties Of Psycho-scales. By: Ramzi Hasan Al-shinbari Supervisor: Prof.D.: Kamil Thamir Al-kubaisi Abstract This study aims to investigate the effect of sample size and the way of selecting it on the psychometric properties of the psychological scales and their items which are characterized by the discrimination index of the items, their reliability coefficient, scale reliability and validity, in addition to frequency distribution. To fulfill this goal, four samples had been chosen randomly with different sizes (400, 200, 122, 30) members and by the occasional sample. The study adopted (Goldberg’s) Psychic Health Scale , where it is executed on random simple sample size and occasional sample synchronized with Psychic Tension Scale. Then the sample members responses were analyzed according to psychometric properties for the scale and its items on all samples. The study also shows that (400) members in the simple random sample gave more better properties for the standard compared with other sizes. (200) size could be used also in random simple sample, especially in calculating the psychometric properties for the items. The study recommends the use of simple random sample in calculating items psychometric properties in general. As well as, it recommends also with the possibility of occasional sample use, If it was small size around (30) member. It is preferable that the size of the psychometric sample properties in psychological scales not less than (400) members , especially in calculating psychometric properties for the items. Key Words: Sample Size , Selection Methods, Simple random sample, Occasional sample , Psychometric Properties .
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## The Profile of the Palestinian Suicide Martyrs (Istishhadiyin

The Profile of the Palestinian Suicide Martyrs (Istishhadiyin)*
Dr. Bassam Yousef Ibrahim Banat**

Title in English:
The Profile of the Palestinian Suicide Martyrs (Istishhadiyin
Abstract in English:
The Profile of the Palestinian Suicide Martyrs (Istishhadiyin)* Dr. Bassam Yousef Ibrahim Banat** The Profile explores all the characteristics of the Palestinian suicide martyrs (Istishhadiyin) and their martyrdom operations as well. The Palestinian suicide martyrs (Istishhadiyin) were able to implement two hundred qualitative martyrdom operations using an explosive belt, or an explosive bag or an explosive car that rocked Israel and raised a large wave of reactions locally and internationally. The Profile has all their demographic characteristics; all the characteristics of their martyrdom operations; the personality characteristics of the Palestinian suicide martyrs (Istishhadiyin): social, religious, national and psychological features which qualified them to do this strategic action. Besides, the Profile has the main motivations which drove the Palestinian youth to carry out such operations and the relationship between the emergence of these operations and Israeli crimes committed against the rights of the unarmed Palestinian people. Finally the Profile includes the main behavioral changes which appeared on the Palestinian suicide martyrs (Istishhadiyin) prior to the execution of the martyrdom operation, in addition to their families’ opinion about martyrdom operations. _________________________________________________________________ *This Profile is part of a Doctoral Dissertation titled "Palestinian Suicide Martyrs (Istishhadiyin): Facts and Figures 2010", Department of Sociology, Faculty of Political Sciences and Sociology, The University of Granada, Spain. Supervised by: Professor Margarita Latiesa and Professor Khader Musleh, Department of Social Sciences, Bethlehem University, Palestine. **PhD in Sociology (Methodology & Statistics), Department of Social Sciences, Faculty of Arts, Al-Quds University, bassambanat@yahoo.com, bbanat@arts.alquds.edu, bbanat@ugr.es
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## مشكلات الدلالة الإحصائية في البحث التربوي وحلول بديلة

مشكلات الدلالة الإحصائية في البحث التربوي وحلول بديلة

إعداد الطالب: عادل بن أحمد بن حسن بابطين

إشراف الأستاذ الدكتور: ربيع بن سعيد بن علي طه

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