العلوم الاجتماعية

الإسلام في ألمانيا

د. عاصم حفني: على المسلمين الذين يعيشون فى الغرب أن يتعايشوا مع المجتمع الغربى بكل تقاليده دون أن يلتزموا بها.

يتزايد الاهتمام بالإسلام يوما بعد يوم في أوروبا وأميركا، بين شغف المعرفة والخوف خاصة بعد انفجارات باريس الفترة الأخيرة، فأصبح هناك قلق تجاه المسلمين وانتشرت ظاهرة "الإسلاموفوبيا".

فما هي حقيقة تلك المشاعر وهل هناك كراهية ضد الإسلام في أوروبا خاصة في ألمانيا، وكيف نواجه المفاهيم المغلوطة عن الإسلام ونصححها.

Title in English: 
Muslims in Germany
Abstract in English: 
Interest in Islam is growing in Europe day after day
المؤلفون:
اللغة:

فعالية برنامج قائم على المدخل الإنساني

تتحدد مشكلة البحث الحالي في تدني مستوى أداء طلاب المرحلة الثانوية في مهارات التذوق الأدبي، مما يوجب تنميتها باستخدام برنامج قائم على المدخل الإنساني، وللتصدي لهذه المشكلة يحاول البحث الإجابة عن التساؤلات الآتية :
1- ما مهارات التذوق الأدبي المناسبة لطلاب المرحلة الثانوية؟
2- ما أسس برنامج قائم على المدخل الإنساني في تنمية مهارات التذوق الأدبي؟
3- ما فعالية استخدام البرنامج القائم على المدخل الإنساني في تنمية مهارات التذوق الأدبي لدى طلاب المرحلة الثانوية؟

اللغة:

أثر أنموذج التدريب على التساؤل في التحصيل وتنميةالتفكيرالعلمي لطالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الفيزياء

يهدف هذا البحث إلى معرفة اثر أنموذج التدريب على التساؤل في التحصيل وتنمية التفكير العلمي لطالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الفيزياء.

Title in English: 
The Effect of Inquiry Training Model on The Achievement and Development of Scientific Thinking For The Second Intermediate Students in Physics
Abstract in English: 
The present work aims at knowing the effect of inquiry training model on the achievements and development of scientific thinking for the second intermediate students in physics. In order to achieve these aims, the researcher has been put two null hypotheses. Then, the researcher worked done to examine the truthness of these two hypotheses by making an experiment along one complete semester. The researcher has been design the experiment requirements and tools, that compromise on the teaching planes for the test and control groups, scientific thinking test and the achievement test, while the truthness, reliability, discrimination and difficulty coefficients and the effectiveness of alternatives are calculated for each of them. The work's two groups has been chosen randomly and their number reaches (55) student of the second intermediate stage at school that belong to Baghdad education management/ Al-Resafa Al-Owula. The class (W) is randomly chosen for the teaching according to the inquiry training model. While class (H) according to the normal way. The equivalence between the two groups is satisfied by means of the variables: ( age by month, credit in science and mathematics for the first intermediate stage, previous information, scientific thinking and intelligence). Whenever the groups students are finished the studying, of all of the syllabus of the later five chapters of the reference physics book for the second intermediate stage, they have been examined by using the achievement and scientific tests. When the results are analyzed using the T-test it come clear that the students of the test group is more superior than their relative of control group in the average degree of achievement and the developing of scientific thinking. Thus the null hypotheses is disappointed. One of the important thinks that the researcher achieve in the present study is that, the using of the inquiry training model was effective in increasing the scientific thinking, in addition the effectiveness of the model in raising the level of achievement study of students. According to the results of this work several recommendations and suggestions were formulated.
اللغة:

بناء برنامج تدريبي لمدرسي الفيزياء على أنماط المنشطات العقلية وأثره في أدائهم والتحصيل والتفكير العلمي لدى طلبتهم

أن تقدم المجتمعات وتطورها يكمن في الاهتمام المتزايد في موضوع أعداد المعلم وتأهيله للمهام التعليمية والتربوية الموكلة أليه ولغرض تزويد المعلمين بالخبرات والمهارات وأساليب التدريس المبتكرة , أصبح لزاما إخضاعهم للبرامج التدريبية أثناء الخدمة أو في فترة الأعداد , ولأهمية المنشطات العقلية ودورها الفاعل في تحقيق أهداف العملية التربوية من خلال أسهامها في معالجة المعلومات وحل المشكلات التي تواجه المتعلم والتي تساعده على أدراك المفاهيم الفيزيائية واستيعابها.

اللغة:

التوازن الاستراتيجي في منطقة غرب المحيط الهندي وانعكاساته على مستقبل الأمن القومي العربي

الدراسة تقع في 690 صفحة، تضمنت قرابة ألـ 550 مرجعاً متنوعاً، ونظراً لطبيعة موضوع هذه الدراسة، فقد تمت معالجته في مقدمة ومتن؛ تضمنت مدخل تمهيدي وثلاثة أبواب؛ من خلال عشرة فصول، اشتملت على اثنان وثلاثون مبحثاً بـ85 مطلباً، وخاتمه توزعت بين عرض تحليلي لبعض أهم التطورات السياسية- في هذا الشأن- منذ عام 2003م حتى مطلع عام 2007م، وجملة من الاستنتاجات العامة، بالإضافة إلي بعض التوصيات الهامة- في هذا الشأن .

Title in English: 
The Strategical Balance in West Indian Ocean Region and Its Reflections on the Arabian National Security Future
Abstract in English: 
The events of the beginning of seventies decade of the last century on light of the second world war ( world war II ) and what happened next of main political development that affected on the international organization and then the regional organization of (west of Hindi ocean) with its three main sub-regional ( Arabic Bay , Arabic Sea, and Red Sea ) especially that is have a relation to the nature of balanced format in the regional arrangement if it is countries or organizations, which reached its peak with the events of early nineties decay and what followed it of constitutive changes, directed finally with the events of early first decay of the current century , and what create of new packages of concepts , politics , and what is assured about concepts were predominant , new base in order to understand nature and reality of regional organization which represents ( West Hindi Ocean ) region in the doing international and regional forces through giving priority to predominant balance format in each level or stage . Thus, this study seeks to reconfigure this reality through trying searching in nature and reality of main balanced format (current / recommended) . With its double moieties and multiple ends that stands between the doing forces with each others particularly as result of what have of relative strategically effective and unique factors in sub-regional system which lie , or in the geographical area which preoccupied, at least, in one side . and between itself and the American force, in the Other side – and the reflections of this, in the final resultant on the strategically action resultant (realizable/movable) to the doing concerning Arabic forces in near and medium range, which conforms with achieving national security. actually when the majority of this powers – in general – especially the Arabic ones manage – became it considered the most ones who have capability on establishing the first step – to employ it in Simi collective to reach to the achieved relative balance format , which care of its developed vital interests according to its priority-basically- and the interest of outside powers which have common interest , not vise versa , in view that expected to manage through to improve the proper ways to reach state of ( similarity / Symmetry) between the mass power elements, even inside the member country or within it, during re-directed all its sources (available / unavailable) in format frame (Accorded / integral) , than can through it come back the confused relative equivalent in abilities on both levels (inside–outside) in qualifying manner (single – Simi – collective) on play doing regional rule and effective one established on (individual, Subjective) basics filling with what employed limits of facilities and sources according to this issue , and what hawing it of vital interests (current / desirable ). The study area determined in the geographical area that occupied by (West Hindi Ocean) area with its three man sub-regional and some of the bound up with. The researcher dealt with regional system approach and futuristic analysis (Futurism) in dietary past , configuring present and predict future because it is the most suitable to study subject in addition to the historical analysis approach. As to its importance in various considerations is according to the following:- 1. It dealt with the region with its doing powers in one study which treating the controversial and completive actions among its three sub-regional through tracing the effect of any event happened in certain part on the region. Or in wide parts of it, and the Arabic parts especially, standing on the researcher view that aimed to that the outside powers especially the American power, are still look at this region or wide parts of it from one scope according to its developed vital interests as result of the relative and intimate relationship between each others. 2. Re-reading the main selective political events in deliberative way according to suggestive approach that gives the priority to the predominant balance format and concepts in each stage. 3. Trying to face the most important conflicts that face the regional countries– security conflict – through reconfiguring and raising some of behavior issues that represent the total of fights happened in. Especially the effective one on nature and reality of balanced format (current / recommended) according to its main effect on the nature Of the expected futuristic rule of doing powers on both (inside / outside) stages. According to the nature of this study, so it has been treated in the introduction, preface, three chapters including ten sections including thirty two researchments and end. The preface interested in placing the concept frame of the study through three researhments the first one discusses the concept of the strategically balance; the second deals with another main concept come in this study, but the third deals with the identification of (West Hindi Ocean) region and its different characteristics. Chapter concerned with treating the strategically balance nature in (West Hindi Ocean) region in the stage after the end of (Cold War) and this through two sections:- the first one dealt with the effective international powers policies in the balance reality all over more than four deco one discusses : through two reassessments the first one discusses the stage of the cold war (1947 _ 1971 ). While the seconded one. Discusses the strategically reality in the second stage of the cold war ( 1972-1985) , In the time the second section shows some of the main felines of the new security International environment and its reflections of the current balance reality in the region , and this through two researchments: The First one deals with the new security international environment limits , while the second deals with the effective international powers rule (American rule ) One the international and regional levels .the second chapter of this study treated the new security regional environment subject and its reflections on the strategically balance reality in the area , and this through three sections dealt with the regional environment in each (Arabic Bay , Arabic Sea , Red Sea) and this through three researchments of each section dealt with the most important new security regional limits , the focuses that threat the strategically balance in the region and the new regional alliances . The third chapter dealt with the future of strategically balance in the region and the Arabic national security through four sections. The three ones deal with the futuristic effect of the Owing regional Powers through three angels (Arabic, Islamic and un Arabic), while the first section dealt with the rules of Iraq, Saudi Arabia Yemen, Egypt respectably. the second dealt with the rule of Iran , Pakistan in two researchments , but the third section dealt with the rule of India, south Africa, Ethiopia and Israel in four researchments by selling a general frame of some of futuristic views about this balance and its reflections on Arabic National Security . But the end was divided between an analytical preview of some of the most important political development related to this issue since 2003 even early of 2007, and a sum of general deductions, in addition to some of the important recommendations related to this issue . About most important results, deal with the following:- - The (west Hindi ocean) region has features and characteristics that qualified to enter the regional mass circle which is to the most affective and effective in the main international events. - The three main branched regions have near features and characteristics in relative image in some how which made it have kind of exchange effect and affect from the shape and core, according to requirements of each level and privacy of each geographical sphere. Regardless the nature and the level of this effective or affection in order to multiple regard. - The strategic balance will still main axis in decision makers interests in the next stage, but the administration of this balance successively regarding a great challenge that almost every region countries suffer from it, and the Arabian countries in particular, because it needs a lot numbers in dividing the priorities and define the reasons and aimed goals, and the study of the possible signs from time to time with and image which promote these countries with its strategically action level (perceptive/kinetic) to the range that reach it to the aimed relative equivalent case in the sources on both levels internal and external, it ( single – Simi-collective ) on establishing the first step according to this issue which it can through it re-forming its regional rules to fit with what employ of facilities and sources and what have of vital interests (current–desirable) instead of staying visions and standing of it as current reaction. - The active parties roles form the side and the interactive performance in the forms on the regional level with its double and multiple sides of the scones side are a reflection in ,most of its sides to the international power will which have the interest in the region on almost, so the total roles and forms appeared in a semi total paralysis which affected its journey along this stage. - The countries effective directions that aimed to in interact its roles in the region borders and its neighbors, but resulted from two new securities internal and external determines. - The balanced forms in region, can not satisfy the ability to reach the aimed relative equivalent, in the sources but after, including it on bath levels internal and external in a frame of each geographical field that occupied by this party or that one, and every axis lied on it alone in the region generally and external world countries which have the co-ordination bet the active parties on this base is the elementary step reaching the solid base to shape the vital co-operative interests and achieve security and real relative stability, in an image ends to great the total abilities and strength its regional position and fortify its international position to not be count on its regional relationship. - Although there are signs around it effective directions which deal with some of controversial attached cases, among these power or at least on direct of nearing trials between its visions and its main pressing stands against some of the shared important cases and main threat resources, but it still affected directly with the outside factors and the American political directions against the region which became the main player in it, thus the expect refer to that many of them will still without any radical solution. - The subject of the Arabic national security future and keeping it, because it considered the base of achieving the desirable development , relating with complete organization of national interests from one side and regional interest and then international from the other side . this it is expected to still mortgaged with the doing Arabic powers on decreasing the gap between each other and nearing then uniting its views and official attitudes in front of the Egyptian cases that have shared Interest - firstly - and then between it and some the other doing power - secondly – in an image ensures a real ability to develop its facilities in a format frame accorded / integral ) – according to ( individual – objective) basic qualifying it ( single – Simi-collective ) on establishing the first step according to this issue which it can through it re-forming its regional rules to fit with what employ of facilities and sources and what have of vital interests (current–desirable) .

الطريقة الكشفية والدرامية في تدريس العلوم للمرحلة الابتدائية

 هدفت إلى : الكشف عن مدى تأثير وحدة درامية على التحصيل الدراسي ، والاتجاهات العلمية 0
 تحددت مشكلة الدراسة في: إمكانية استخدام الخبرة الدرامية " مسرحة المناهج " كأسلوب للتدريس 0

اللغة:
المؤلفون:

خطة مقترحة لنشر ثقافة الجودة في المؤسسات المعنية بالتدريب الأمني

الورقة التي أقدمها في هذا اللقاء بعنوان : « خطة مقترحة لنشر ثقافة الجودة في المؤسسات المعنية بالتدريب الأمني »، والخطة في مضمونها عبارة عن تصور مقترح لدورة تدريبية مقدمة إلى الإدارة العليا بمؤسسة التدريب الأمني، لعل فيها ما يثري جهودهم الحيثية نحو نشر ثقافة الجودة الشاملة بمؤسستهم العريقة.
وقبل البدء في عرض محتوى الدورة المقترحة؛ من الأهمية بمكان أن نحاول الإجابة عن السؤال الآتي:
ما المقصود بنشر ثقافة الجودة ؟ وما أهمية نشرها ؟
يقصد بثقافة الجودة، باختصار شديد « كل القيم والأعراف والإجراءات والتوقعات التي تعزز الجودة في المؤسسة، وتسعى إلى تحسينها باستمرار ».

اللغة:
المؤلفون:

الصفحات

اشترك ب RSS - العلوم الاجتماعية