The Polysemous words in the Arabic language, Their nature, importance, and source
Abstract in English:
Arabic polysemous words (words that have more than one meaning),
and the explanations and discussions concerning them form an important
part of the Arabic language and its literary legacy. However, Arabic
philologists’ and linguists’ views upon the nature of these words and their
importance, and role in expression remain controversial. Furthermore, the
books that contain these words lack formal organization and classification.
That is what makes these words an issue worthy of investigation,
especially in existing Arabic language circumstances. This paper attempts
to study this issue from different angles: linguistic, literary and rhetorical,
based on an analytical and critical examination of the opinions and
works related to the issue. It aims consequently, to reconcile the
differences between the arguments and then to reach a radical solution.
Likewise this paper tries to prove the importance and extent of the
effectiveness of Arabic polysemous words in living expressions. It also
attempts to highlight suggestions that could establish the groundwork for
an advanced lexicon for these words. Finally, this study raises questions
that are worth further investigation, such as: the relationship of
polysemous words to classical and modem poetry; the relationship of
these words to figures of speech (rhetorical styles) like allegory,
paronomasia, and metaphors; and also the relationship that they can have
to scientific terms.