Assessment of genetic diversity in Peruvian Amaranth (Amaranthus caudatus and A. hybridus) germplasm using Single Nucleotide Polymorphism markers. Fiber indirectly lowers cholesterol levels by inhibiting the absorption of fat in the intestines. Traditional medicine recommends amaranth for disorders such as anemia or low red blood cells count, growth retardation in children (due to their good vitamin and mineral content), poor eyesight (amaranth leaves contain vitamin A), respiratory and ear infections, as well as recurrent colds. The flowers and seeds of Digera muricata (syn. Engler and Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae as primitive but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist regard it as one of the advanced families of dicots. The fresh tender leaves and stem give delicious preparation on cooking. Characters of Amaranthaceae 2. Please Support My Work With a PayPal Donation. Amaranthus hybr idus L, popularly cal led “Amaranth or pigweed”, is an annual herbaceous plant of 1- 6 feet high. & Gord. Tumbleweed (Amaranthus albus) is mainly a weed of agricultural areas and habitation. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to share notes in Biology. Tables for an approximate test for outliers in linear models. 3. (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Flowers in axillary fascicles or solitary, e.g. Mortensen, D. A. and Dieleman, J. Similarly, amaranth oil provides cardiovascular protection in individuals suffering from hypertension (high blood pressure) and coronary heart disease. This is a question and answer forum for students, teachers and general visitors for exchanging articles, answers and notes. Genus: Amaranthus. In Europe, Amaranthus retroflexus is one of the ten weed species of greatest economic importance. Important minerals in the grain amaranth identified in this study included potassium (420mg/100g); calcium (173.55mg/100g); and magnesium (293.48mg/100g). The genus Amaranthus consists of 50 to 70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. Cyperaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Chenopodiaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Amaranthus, Achyranthes. Alternate, simple, petiolate, exstipulate, ovate, entire or repand, acute, hairy or glabrous, unicostate reticulate. Amaranth provides more than 150% of the RDA of manganese, a powerful antioxidant-mineral which combats free radical oxidative stress and helps maintain healthy arteries. Pigweeds (Amaranthus spp.) Drink one tablespoon of fresh amaranth seeds juice with honey everyday until your problem clears. Amaranthus chlorostachys Willd.. Amaranthus eugenii Sennen. The chapter describes their socio-cultural (ethnobotanical), ecological, economic, food and income security values as well as their production requirements. Share Your PDF File A small number of suitable traits, phenotypic plasticity, gene flow and hybridization made it difficult to establish the taxonomy and phylogeny of the whole genus despite various studies using molecular markers. Aerial, herbaceous or woody, erect or straggling, cylindrical, or angular, branched, solid, hairy, green or striped green. It has several common names, including carelessweed, ... As a result, the primary economic importance of Palmer amaranth to American farmers has been as a noxious weed and a competitor to more marketable crops, rather than as a crop in its own right. Tepals 2, ovate, green, inferior, valvate. Relationships between the weedy Amaranthus hybridus (Amaranthaceae) and the grain amaranths. In particular, amaranth is a good source of manganese, magnesium, phosphorus and iron. Weed Technol 12: 7 – 13. Gynoecium bicarpellary and syncarpous. They are grown widely as a source of grain and leafy vegetables. Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. Vegetable amaranthus is mainly grown as a subsistence crop and only surplus are sold to the informal markets. The Aztecs relied on amaranth seeds (or "grain") as an important staple (National Academy of Sciences 1984). Genus: Amaranthus amaranth. Distribution of Amaranthaceae 3. This nutritional component found in amaranth promotes cardiovascular health. What is the importance of plant excretory products? 2014. Bracteate, sessile or sub-sessile, bracteolate, bracteoles two, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite or unisexual hypogynous, small inconspicuous, green or variously coloured. Amaranth seeds are creamy-white or light-brown in color and extremely small (around one millimeter). Ovary with one ovule, e.g. The red amaranth plant is streaked all over with splashes of red and purple. What is the reserve food material in red algae? Officially, there are around 60 different amaranth species, the most notable of which are Amaranthus blitum, Amaranthus caudatus, Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus dubius, Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Amaranthus tricolor. In India it is represented by 50 species. Leaves of Bosia amherstiana yield a black dye. Plants with Promising Economic Value, performed in 1975, amaranth was elected from among 36 of the world’s most promising crops and identified as a major potential crop; since then, extensive ... Lipids are very important nutritive constituents of Amaranthus seeds, with triacylglycerols (TAGs), phospholipids, squalene, and Crop Sci. Amaranthus phylogeny Page 2 Abstract The genus Amaranthus consists of 50 to 70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. However, it is also regarded as an environmental weed in Western Australia and Tasmania and grows in natural areas in other states too. Amaranthus flavescens Moq.. Amaranthus hecticus Willd.. Amaranthus incurvatus Trimen ex Gren. Genet. Also, amaranth consumption is recommended for people with hypertension (high blood pressure) and high cholesterol levels (due to its good phytosterol content). The entire plant is used to make medicine. The chapter describes their socio-cultural (ethnobotanical), ecological, economic, food and income security values … A. hybridus has been reported to be a highly nutritious herbage and a potentially valuable forage crop (Mugerwa and Bwabye, 1974). ... Economic importance of managing spatially heterogeneous weed populations. Name the types of nitrogenous bases present in the RNA. Sida 19:945-949. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, basal placentation, ovule one; style three, persistent, stigma capitate, hairy. A high dietary intake of phytosterols limits cholesterol intake and absorption and thus contributes to lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol levels. The entire plant is used to make medicine. Economic Importance 4. This vegetable is mostly valued by different communities in South Africa and it is preferred for its flavor and palatability by rural communities. Pigweeds (Amaranthus spp.) Mostly anemophilous and in some plants entomophilous. In addition, some Amaranth species are valuable based on their ornamental or medicinal properties (Rastogi & Shukla, 2013). What are the different sources of air pollution? Why does plant cell possess large sized vacuole? Usually five tepals, free or united, sometimes two or three (Amaranthus), dry membranous, valvate or twisted, sometime, hairy, green or coloured, persistent, inferior. Axillary or terminal spikes (Achyranthes, Digera). This post was updated on Monday / November 16th, 2020 at 2:38 PM. Phytosterols are a sort of plant counterpart of cholesterol. It is a serious problem weed in several field crops (e.g. A small number of suitable traits, phenotypic plasticity, gene ow and hybridization made it di cult to establish the taxonomy and phy-logeny of the whole genus despite various studies using molecular markers. TOS4. The complement of essential amino acids is good for human nutrition. It is the most popular vegetable crop grown in most home gardens and is a fast growing Technometrics 17: 473 – 476. Health Benefits of Amaranth. Some monoecious species may have only a few staminate flowers in the inflorescence, so look carefully at the tips of the flower clusters to see if any are present. It is a serious problem weed in several field crops (e.g. Bicarpellary, or tricarpellary; syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, usually one campylotropous ovule; basal placentation; style short or filiform; stigma 2 or 3. Replace wheat, barley, rye, even malt-based beer with rice, amaranth, quinoa, buckwheat, millet, teff, sorghum and Montina (a rice grass from India). A. spinosus Linn. In Europe, Amaranthus retroflexus is one of the ten weed species of greatest economic importance. When consumed regularly and with moderation, amaranth seeds show cholesterol-lowering properties. Amaranth lacks gluten altogether. Do eukaryotic cells have restriction endonucleases? It is a small family comprising 65 genera and 850 species which are chiefly represented in tropical and temperate regions. It includes the former goosefoot family Chenopodiaceae and contains about 165 genera and 2,040 species, [2] [3] making it the most species-rich lineage within its parent order , … Direct Losses by weeds. As far as taste is concerned, amaranth is pretty appetizing in the sense that it boasts a distinctive nutty flavor. are of economic importance worldwide. More important, it lacks gluten altogether, making it perfect for anyone struggling with gluten sensitivity, wheat allergy or Celiac disease. of Technology, Radvil˙en u Rd., 19,˛ LT-50254 Kaunas, Lithuania. Amaranth does not refer to one single plant. The fruit juice of Deeringia is a substitute for red ink. The green leaves are also a source of lutein and zeaxanthin, carotenoids without vitamin A activity, but which contribute to eye health and good vision, and have vitamin C with anti-inflammatory and immune-boosting benefits. Amaranth leaves, called greens, are broad and may be tinged with red or purple, in which case they may leave a color trail in your cooking water. Many taxonomists have felt that the family is not primitive and has been derived from caryophyllous ancestors. Amaranth (Amaranthus lineatus) is a pseudocereal of significant nutritional value as well as economic importance. It is rich source of many essential micronutrients like carotene, vitamin A, B, C and D, iron, What are the general characters of bryophytes? Regular consumption ensures healthy mucous membranes at the level of the eyes, nose, mouth, throat, lungs and stomach, contributes to the immune response and skin health, good vision and healthy eyes. This makes it ideal for whomever is adamant about leading a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle because it partially meets daily dietary protein needs. Bracteate, bracts persistent acuminate, ending in a spine, bracteolate, sessile, complete, hermaphrodite, actinomorphic, hypogynous, small, green. Delimitation of Amaranthus cruentus L. and Amaranthus caudatus L. using micromorphology and AFLP analysis: an application in germplasm identification. Brayulinea. What are the three important components of biodiversity? (2001a, 2001b), Mosyakin and Robertson (2003). The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Important Types. Plants with Promising Economic Value, performed in 1975, amaranth was elected from among 36 of the world’s most promising crops and identified as a major potential crop; since then, extensive MS 20130203 Submitted 02/12/2013, Accepted 04/25/2013. Bicarpellary, syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, one ovuled, basal placentation, style filiform, stigma capitate. Seeds of Amaranthus caudatus are edible. In this paper protein quality data for a number of amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) Amaranthus species are the most important vegetables in some parts of Nigeria because of their leaves, succulent stem and cereal-like grains. Although amaranths are stress tolerant, mesic condition and soil enrichment can … Amaranth seeds, greens, stems and roots from several varieties are edible. Empirical models of pigweed (Amaranthus spp.) Economic Importance of Amaranthaceae: The Amaranthaceae is of little economic importance. However, it does not constitute a treatment for any of the mentioned conditions. A small number of suitable traits, phenotypic plasticity, gene flow and hybridization made it difficult to establish the taxonomy and phylogeny of the whole genus despite various studies using molecular markers. It has several common names, including carelessweed, dioecious amaranth, Palmer's amaranth, Palmer amaranth, and Palmer's pigweed.It is native to most of the southern half of North America. Vegetable farming in urban and peri-urban areas has become popular in many African Countries [19]. Economic Importance of Weeds. Amaranthus viridis, Hedera nepalensis and Urtica dioica were also chemically analyzed for ash, total proteins, fats, and carbohydrates. Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed). It is a serious weed of agriculture in southern New South Wales, and is typically a pest of crops, roadsides and waste areas in this region. The seeds are eaten as a cereal by the ancient Mayans and Incas in a similar way like quinoa and chia seeds.. Botanically, amaranth is a dicotyledonous plant wherein its leaves as well as grains used as a staple … Economic importance: The family includes a few food plants such as beet (Beta vulgaris: used as leafy vegetable ... Amaranthus diandrus is added to the synonyms of Acroglochin persicarioides, and Bassia fiedleri, previously considered as conspecific with Grubovia dasyphylla, is added to the synonymy of Bassia scoparia. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Populations in the eastern United States are probably naturalized.It has also been introduced to Europe, Australia, and … Achyranthes aspera is diuretic and purgative. 2. 2006. WHO (the World Health Organization) recommends a 1:1 ratio combination of rice and amaranth for a good protein intake. Amaranthus, Celosia, Digera, Achyranthes, Gomphrena etc. Aphids reduce the amount of fresh leaf yield of amaranth and the value of leafy amaranth as aphid-infested leaves are not marketable. Decoction of Aerua tomentosa is used to remove swellings. Amaranth (Amaranthus spp.) is one of the most important vegetable crops [20]. The economic threshold values were reduced by 0.01 to 0.06 plants m −2 … Amaranth is the name given to a group of approximately 70 species of annual or short-lived perennial plants in the genus Amaranthus including several species of aggressive edible weeds native to the US such as Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot pigweed).

economic importance of amaranthus

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