It is very woody and strong, and can wrap around a tree trunk and destroy the tree. Copyright There are actually two types of Wisteria; Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria foribunda). A reliable choice for gardeners in northern climates. Whatâs even more fascinating is that a âWisteria Festivalâ is held there every year to honor this luxuriously spectacular vine. Many plants grown from seed can be genetically variable with any number of characteristics resulting in the offspring. The leaves turn a striking shade of yellow in the fall season which easily enhances the beauty of any garden. Also look at the seedpods. The leaves of the American Wisteria consist of 11-15 leaflets, and the vines grow in an anti-clockwise direction. This vine grows best under the full or partial sun, and it flowers just after one year of being planted. This flower is a very reliable and excellent for gardeners that reside in cold climates. The flowers bloom gradually over a period of weeks. Wisteria floribunda 'Violacea Plena’. The flowering period for this type of wisteria is mid-spring to early summer during which this splendid species sports some of the most beautiful fall colors. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. The flowering period for this wisteria is early spring during which the gorgeous flowers bloom into colors before the appearance of the leaves. If you plant a wisteria, make sure you give it adequate support … Photo by: InfoFlowersPlants / Shutterstock. Here's how to tell the differences between each architectural style. It produces beautiful violet-blue flowers that grow clusters called racemes. The Wisteria Festival is held there each year to pay homage to the vine. Although many gardeners on many continents love and grow wisteria, it is considered an invasive species in many parts of the United States, especially the fast-spreading Asian varieties. There are at least four varieties of the Chinese wisteria, Wisteria sinensis, available in Australia: the common mauve; a darker, reddish purple called 'Amethyst'; a white called 'Alba'; and another white, 'Jako', which is more strongly scented. Includes photos. American wisterias are tamer and still have gorgeous flowers. Consequently, one can not eliminate varieties merely by color alone. Both of these varieties are not native to Northern America, and many U.S states classify wisteria as an invasive species. Photo by: Garden World Images Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. It consists of masses of really long hanging clusters that typically go up to 40 inches in length. So, which variety of wisteria are you going to get for your home? We'll show you the top 10 most popular house styles, including Cape Cod, country French, Colonial, Victorian, Tudor, Craftsman, cottage, Mediterranean, ranch, and contemporary. Compare the five most common species below. The clusters are typically 4 to 6 inches, and the lilac-blue flowers of this plant are bunched together in those clusters. There is limited colour choice within the Wisteria Varieties. Silky wisteria blooms best in full sun, and its flowers burst open all at once during the late spring season. The flowering period of this wisteria begins in the late spring and goes on to repeat intermittently during the summer season. It also has one of the latest bloom times, so the flowers of this plant emerge sometime in June. It produces masses of hanging sprays with pale lilac flowers that sport a big, white spot. The flowering period for this wisteria begins in the late spring and ends all the way through the early summer season. Unnamed plants may have been grown from seed and take fifteen years to flower – life’s too short. Blooming improves with age and regular pruning. The other thing I’d like to show you is that they throw out suckers. Types of wisteria: When it comes to wisteria there are two types: Asian and American. This is a spectacular plant when restricted and the flowers form curtains of fragrant blossom. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Silky wisteria include: This is a strongly scented variety of the Silky wisteria that typically reaches a height of 10 to 20 inches. The common wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) with its vivacious lilac coloured petals, is perhaps the best known variety of the wisteria family since it has been in circulation for a longer period of time as a result of its great public demand. This flowering period also occurs once the entire foliage is completely well-developed so when the flowers bloom open, they end up hiding behind the foliage. Has the latest bloom time, with flowers emerging in June. What types of Wisteria are there? Wisteria is best defined as a breathtaking but aggressive vine that is likely to steal the beauty show in anyoneâs garden. . These species are less aggressive as compared to the Chinese and Japanese wisteria varieties. It grows to a height of 10 to 30 feet and mainly grown in regions of the East Coast and the Carolinas. The original species types of wisteria, came from Japan, Korea, China, together with Central and Southern USA. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. Photo by: Wiert Nieuman / Shutterstock. These flowers also contain a large, conspicuous yellow-colored spot that makes them stand out from the rest. Lately, some other varieties of the wisteria vine have been introduced to the Eastern United States. The plant grows to an average height of 10-25 feet and some of its cultivars are available in pretty purple and white colors. These stunning flowers bloom during late spring all the way through mid-summer and grow up to 50 cm in length. Has shorter flower clusters and is not as cold hardy as its Japanese cousin. Among seed-grown wisteria, some individuals may not flower for 20 years, while the average is about eight to 10 years after germination. The Japanese Wisteria has scented violet flowers that grow in the form of 1 to 3 foot long chain-like clusters which are called racemes. In late spring or early summer, it produces masses of very long, drooping clusters, up to 16 in. Botanical name:Â Wisteria brachybotrysÂ (syn.Â Wisteria venusta). For bonsai the most common species are the Chinese Wisteria (Wisteria sinensis) and the Japanese Wisteria (Wisteria floribunda) which produces the longest flower clusters. . Wisteria venusta) Image – Wikimedia / Meneerke Bloem. This plant grows really well under the full or partial sun and its flowering period goes on from late spring to early or mid-summer. The Kentucky wisteria grows to an average height of 15 to 25 feet and is one of the most cold-hardy species. There are native, W. frutescens, and non-native types of wisteria, including Japanese wisteria (W. floribunda) and Chinese wisteria (W. sinensis). Wisteria sinensis 'Alba'. If they turn counterclockwise, you are growing Chinese wisteria or one of the American varieties. Flowers are lilac-blue and bunched in 4- to 6-inch-wide clusters. long (40 cm), with fragrant, pea-like flowers, that are a combination of pale lilac-blue and deep purple with a yellow spot in the throat. Often times, this plant also produces absolutely stunning reddish-violet flowers that look breathtaking. Heavenly scented, award-winning Wisteria 'Burford' (Japanese Wisteria) is a deciduous climber with a long season of interest. Since the flowers of this plant appear late after the foliage, their cascades are not as long as the ones found on the Asian varieties, however, the beautiful blue-violet flowers do look more pleasant than those of the Asiatic species. Browse photos, get design ideas & see the hottest plants, Compare the different types of wisteria vines commonly grown in home gardens, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. Look at the direction the vines twist around their support structure. There are over 150 wisteria trees in Kawachi Wisteria Garden, with 22 types of wisteria. The flowers of this wisteria are a gorgeous pale rose that are further tipped with the color purple. Types of Wisteria. They bloom best in full sun, and they are also heavily scented which makes them an ideal choice for you to keep in your home. It is also notable mainly for its unique hardiness. Most gardeners are unaware of the wide range of characteristics offered by Wisteria species and their cultivars in terms of bloom season, fragrance, length of flower clusters (racemes), flower colors, fall foliage. Some other varieties of cultivars of this vine also produce flowers that sport a variety of colors including white, pink and deep reddish-violet. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Chinese Wisteria/Japanese Wisteria Destroys Native Wildlife Habitats This vine grows very rapidly, reaching up to 70 feet with 15 inch trunks. great quantities of fragrant blue flowers displayed in pendulous racemes. Known hazards of Wisteria sinensis: The seed of all members of this genus is poisonous. This includes further ten species of climbing and woody vines, all of which are native to Japan, Korea, and China. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Japanese wisteria include: This is an award-winning type of Japanese wisteria that is duly noted for its beautiful floral display and its wonderful fragrance. This is a vigorous climber from Japan with vines that grow in an anti-clockwise manner. May be trained horizontally, up to 25 feet or further. Foreign varieties of wisteria include Japanese wisteria (Wisteria floribunda), and Chinese wisteria (Wisteria Sinensis). Photo by: blickwinkel / Alamy Stock Photo. Meet Wisteria frutescens, a sedate alternative to Asian wisteria that is native to the southeastern United States.We asked Peggy Cornett, Curator of Plants at Thomas Jefferson’s Monticello, for more information on this underutilized native treasure. This wisteria variety consists of green, pinnate leaves that contain 11-19 lance-shaped leaflets which sport a pretty golden hue during the fall season. Interestingly, wisteria stemmed from Asia and then became popular in Europe, its largest variety can be found in the United States, particularly in Sierra Madre, California. The Japanese Wisteria is often referred to as the âvigorous climberâ that reaches to a height of 10 to 30 feet on average but can grow even higher than that. 14 varieties of wisteria have been awarded the Award of Garden Merit (AGM), and there are many more, so there’s plenty of choice in purple-blues, blues, pinks and white and many are fragrant - … Most wisteria you see is the mauve Japanese or Chinese species, but there are a number of other varieties available. Commit this name to memory and look for it on plant tags: Wisteria frutescens, commonly called American wisteria.This species is native to the eastern U.S., and it’s hardy in Zones 4-9, meaning it'll grow in most areas of the country.American wisteria can reach dazzling heights of up to 30 feet, and spreads up to 8 feet wide. document.write(theDate.getFullYear()) There are Chinese, Japanese and silky wisteria to choose from. A Woodlander's introduction." With so many types of house styles, narrowing the list down to your favorite can be overwhelming. When selecting which wisteria type to grow in your garden you’ll have a choice between Asian wisterias and American wisterias. It has leaves that sport a dark green color and contain 15 lance-shaped leaflets. The bark contains a glycoside and a resin that are both poisonous. The Kentucky wisteria has lance-shaped leaves that sport a bright green color and contain 8-10 leaflets. This is one of the darkest purple wisteria cultivars that is famous for its spectacular tresses of sweet-scented violet flowers. Kraunhia Raf. All the flowers in a cluster open at once, well before the foliage appears. Wisteria floribunda 'Alba' is a less-common, though highly sought after variety among dedicated gardeners, and has white, elongated flowers. Mainly grown in the Carolinas and along the East Coast. This popular and beautiful vine belongs to the flowering plants of the legume family called FabaceaeÂ (Leguminosae). * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. The flowering period of the silky wisteria begins during late spring and ends during the early summer. Synonyms Diplonyx Raf. var theDate=new Date() Make a choice. Wisteria frutescens 'Amethyst Falls'. Since it produces flowers just after growing for 2 to 3 years, it has quite a reputation for being the quickest wisteria to bloom. This vine bears stunning purple-bluish flowers that are less scented than others, and they grow in clusters or racemes that are typically 15-30 cm long. This is more of a slender vigorous climber with vines that grow in an anti-clockwise direction. See below Description. But there are enough differences between the type to make investigation worthwhile. The gnarled branches and heavy, hanging flowers of the wisteria make this vine ideal for a nostalgic gardener. The support for this whole pergola is actually this wisteria at this point in time. Their flowers also last longer than most other wisterias. . The good news, however, is that there is a far less invasive alternative to the Asian wisterias that is easier to control: American wisteria, Wisteria flutescens.This woody, deciduous climber is native to low-lying areas of the southeastern United States. 1- to 3-foot-long chain-like clusters of flowers, called racemes. Wisteria macrostachya ‘Blue Moon'. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. There are many different types of wisteria vines that grow in North Carolina, but only one species, the American wisteria, is native to the state. Wisteria is an ideal kind of vine for any nostalgic gardener who loves to grow heavy, hanging flowers with gnarled branches. There are two incredible wisteria tunnels, where wisteria has been trained to grow up a long row of arches and its flowers hang down as if in a scene from a fairytale. When the racemes of this plant are about 30 cm or 12 inches long, the clusters burst into a spectacular and fragrant flower curtain that greatly attracts the little buzzing bees in early summer or late spring. There aren’t many tanks that this species can’t be added to. There are several cultivars with different flower colors, like white, pink and dark purple. The plant grows to an average height of 10 to 25 inches and produces very long drooping clusters or racemes. It has the shortest racemes of the wisteria family. They have caused poisoning in children of many countries, producing mild to severe gastro-enteritis. The leaves of this plant contain 91-13 oval shaped leaflets that are initially a stunning shade of copper or bronze. The flowering period for this plant ranges from early spring to early summer, and the flowers normally bloom over a period of weeks. It reaches 10 meters in height Its flowering period begins in the late spring and end during the mid-summer season. Japanese wisteria is a floribunda with blossoms in twenty inch clusters. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? Wisteria is a genus of about five to seven species of deciduous, … Water wisteria is a hardy species, so it can be added to lots of different setups. We include the different varieties grown around the world. It is also a woody and deciduous vine that has originated from the southeastern United States. Often reblooms throughout the growing season. It might be a cold-hardy kind of vine, but if looked after properly and given the right growing conditions, this vine will bloom into mesmerizing cascades of luscious purple-violet flowers that will take your breath away. The racemes, of the flower-growing clusters of this plant, are 6 inches long and really broad with a very strong scent and heavily textured flowers. The wisteria vine got its unique name in the early 19thÂ century a botanist called Thomas Nuttall decided to name it after Dr. Caspar Wistar, who was a famous physician during those times. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. The flowers of most varieties are heavily scented. violacea. The flowers of this vine are a stunning white that bloom late in spring or early in the summer before the appearance of the foliage. It also needs regular pruning that helps control the shape and size of the plant and boost its flowering process. Wisteria is found from Maine to Florida, and as far west as Arkansas. They bloom early during the spring season and are followed by velvety bean-like pods that slowly ripen in the late summer. There are many good wisteria varieties & hybrids. This vine, along with its luxurious flowers was initially found in Asia. If you are looking for a tamer form of wisteria, our native species (American wisteria and Kentucky wisteria) are great alternatives that offer the same lush beauty but are slower growing and less likely to overrun your garden. Wisteria may be every gardenerâs dream, but they look even more breathtaking on the wall in the front porch of your house. Wisteria is in the pea/bean family. Wisteria Flowering Wisteria sinensis Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Rosids Order: Fabales Family: Fabaceae Clade: Hologalegina Clade: Inverted repeat-lacking clade Tribe: Millettieae Genus: Wisteria Nutt. When comparing the different types of wisteria, the choice often boils down to aesthetics and availability. 10 Types of Wisteria Grown Around the World, 11 Types of Rhododendrons for Your Gardens, Wisteria Floribunda âRoseaâ (Pink Japanese Wisteria), Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects. Unfortunately, these varieties can be difficult to find at local nurseries, but you can often purchase them from mail-order suppliers. Some of the most common and other popular varieties of the Chinese wisteria include: Like many other wisteria species, this variety is also quite well-known for its exceptional fragrance and ethereal beauty. Compare the most common types of wisteria. Asian wisterias are popular due to their impressive flowers, but are aggressive growers. The flowers of this variety are a stunning shade of lilac with dark violet markings shaped like a pea. An interesting fact is that Chinese Wisteria twists clockwise around objects in its path, while Japanese Wisteria twists counterclockwise. These are the most common causes for the death of this plant. Wisteria brachybotrys (syn. There are 10 species in the wisteria genus with numerous cultivars, but only two main species are typically planted in gardens in … * Required FieldsWe will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Unlike its Japanese cousin, this plant grows well in partial shade and often under full sun, too. However, they also are the most aggressive growers and are even considered invasive in some areas of the country. The American wisteria is obviously native to the United States, as the name suggests and is a highly popular choice among a majority of the northern gardeners who wish to grow a wisteria vine. Those first exported Asian wisteria seeds were just as variable, and so were their offspring. Wisteria leaves are distinct and identifying them is usually easy. Japanese wisteria always grows clockwise. Phaseoloides Duhamel Rehsonia Stritch Wisteria is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae, that includes ten species of woody climbing bines that are nativ… But because various wisteria species have similarly-structured leaves, discerning one species from another can be challenging. PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti, Small shoots extending from the main vine, Vines growing in clockwise or anti-clockwise direction. It is a striking climber that produces masses of 6-inch long hanging sprays with a variety of gorgeous pink and white flowers. This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers.Â We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. Japanese Wisteria. These cultivars also appear in a variety of different shades and colors including blue, lavender, deep purple and white. This wisteria is believed to be the most romantic of all the species in the wisteria family and is truly a show-stopper. Spectacular Blue Moon Wisteria Vine Plant 1-2' Tall Potted Plant Fragrant Flowers Attracts Hummingbirds 2-3 Year Old Plants, in dormancy 3.6 out of 5 stars 270 $24.72 As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Wisteria is sold in garden centers and nurseries and can be found in numerous home gardens across the country. Different Types of Wisteria. Wisteria venusta var. A native found in the Midwest as well as Louisiana and Texas. This variety of wisteria is known for its amazing scent and its beautiful showiness. More about the newsletter. They belong to the genus Wisteria, which is made up of ten species of which we will see the most popular below. This wisteria is an ideal choice for house walls or large pergolas. This is another popular variety of the Chinese wisteria that has a very sweet fragrance and is a free-flowering deciduous climber. Chinese wisteria has a Japanese relative, Wisteria floribunda.It requires similar conditions, but the flower color is more lavender-purple, and the flower clusters are longer. Chinese and Japanese wisterias are the most widely sold types. Known as silky wisteria or white wisteria, it is a species native to Japan. When comparing the different types of wisteria, the choice often boils down to aesthetics and availability. . Flowers often last longer than other wisterias. The two species of wisteria most commonly grown in the United States are Japanese wisteria and Chinese wisteria. Check that your water conditions are suitable and make sure that you don’t have any problematic fish that are likely to destroy the plant. The seed and seedpod contains a resin and a glycoside called wisterin. Some common characteristics and features of the wisteria plant include: Below are some of the popular and common varieties of wisteria that most gardeners wish to grow. The leaves of the plant are as attractive as its flowers, and they sport a light green color with 7-13 leaflets. “This hardy vine … This is probably one of the shorter suckers which is around 10 or 15 metres long, and there’s not just one, there are many. These pendulous racemes typically grow up to 12 inches long; however, several of its cultivars have dramatic racemes that go even beyond 4 feet (120cm)! The Chinese wisteria grows to an average height of 10 to 25 feet, sometimes even higher than that.