Common Name: CHINESE YAM: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Ad P-Vine. My first impression of this plant was, “what is this flying mini potato?That made it somewhat easy to identify as an air potato, … By Mangy White Bushman. Common names identified in the above list will be used throughout this review. Selfhacked LLC does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Effects of Dioscorea polystachya 'yam gruel' on the cognitive function of diabetic rats with focal cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury via the gut-brain axis J Integr Neurosci. Chinese yam is rich in mucilage; if ground or grated and spread on the skin, it may help heal cuts, scrapes, and other conditions [38, 39, 40, 41]. Chinese yam, cinnamon vine Synonyms. Chinese agriculture is at high risk of heavy metal pollution with chromium, nickel, arsenic, cadmium, and lead. Mucilage from a variety of plant sources promotes wound healing and soothes rashes and burns. Dioscorea are a major source of food and nutrition for mil-lions of people. While Chinese yam is safe to consume as food, it has not been approved by the FDA for any medical purpose or health claim. The synergistic effect of ultrasound and microwave on the physical, chemical, textural, and microstructural properties of vacuum fried Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya) Bimal Chitrakar State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, China This article tells you all you need to know about shepherd's…, Licorice root is an ancient herbal remedy that's commonly found in teas, supplements, and candies — but you may have heard that too much can have an…, You may be used to thinking of the plantain in your garden as a persnickety weed, but you may not know that this plant has several uses as a food and…, Osha root has numerous traditional uses for respiratory ailments, but you may wonder whether any of them are backed by scientific evidence. With so much information packed onto every product label, it can be tricky to know where to start when looking to add a supplement to your diet. There exist several hundred cultivars of Dioscorea; however, only a few of them worth of commercial importance. Chinese Yam escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. Information is shared for educational purposes only. Kalonji: Weight Loss, Benefits, and Side Effects, Shepherd's Purse: Benefits, Dosage, Side Effects, and More. Organic Kabocha Squash (Japanese Pumpkin) $ 12.95. However, there is no scientific evidence to support claims regarding its safety or effectiveness. Diosgenin also repaired brain function in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease [27]. Furthermore, the only way to make sure the plant won’t come back is to remove the whole thing, including the nutritious root [7, 48, 42]. Dioscorea polystachya (Chinese yam), Flower Type: Dioecious, Hazards: Edible species of Dioscorea have opposite leaves whilst poisonous species have alternate leaves;, Height: 9.84 feet (3 m), Lifespan: Perennial, Scent: The small white flowers have a pleasant scent of cinnamon., Width: 4.92 feet (1.5 m) Join SelfHacked today and start the journey of improving your life. + Risks & Side Effects, May improve cognition, immunity, and skin health, Potential increase in estrogen is not good for everyone, May promote weight gain, swelling, and heart disease, Spleen and other immune organ cell production. Other names for Chinese yam are cinnamon vine, and shan yao. A species of eastern Asia, occasionally cultivated for the edible tubers and rarely escaping to thickets and disturbed areas. This marvelous tree dates back to 250 million year old. SelfHacked © 2013 – 2020 All Rights Reserved. Chinese yam contains other active compounds like allantoin, an antioxidant that promotes wound healing, and several antioxidant flavonoids and phenolics [12, 26]. Storage protein of tuber. After menopause and as ovulation ceases, progesterone and estrogen levels drop. Dioscorea polystachya is a short-day crop and likes a warm environment. My first impression of this plant was, “what is this flying mini potato?That made it somewhat easy to identify as an air potato, … Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. In addition to these uses, promoters of the herb claim it can be used as a remedy for many conditions, including: This study on the gastrointestinal function in rats shows that Chinese yam extract not only aids in digestion but can help turn some intestinal flora in the stomach into helpful bacteria. The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. This…. According to them, Chinese yam increases yin, which is often linked to feminine qualities. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou.Moscow 10(7):158. (Chinese yam) is the most important Dioscorea spe … Go to cart. Diosgenin is a phytoestrogen: a plant steroid that acts like an estrogen. Joe Cohen won the genetic lottery of bad genes. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. It can help treat: Chinese yam contains allantoin, a natural compound that can accelerate the growth of healthy tissue and reduce healing time. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dioscorea (family Dioscoreaceae ). Bryonia is a plant-based homeopathic remedy that’s been used to relieve constipation and stomach upset. Yam C is the Chinese Yam or the Cinnamon vine yam. Species in this genus are dioecious, twining, and herbaceous to woody vines with single or clustered large tubers, some of which are edible and are known as “yams” ( Acevedo-Rodríguez, 2005 ). Species evaluated with the Predictive Tool: Predicted to be invasive and not recommended by IFAS. Learn how your comment data is processed. It’s also been used to treat chronic…. Since its introduction into North America, it has spread throughout the eastern United States. The research on Chinese yam suffers from considerable confusion about its proper scientific name. What Are Licorice Root's Benefits and Downsides? They have a floury texture with a very pleasant flavour that is rather like a potato. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. In animals, diosgenin increased the Th1 response, which can help fight infections but becomes excessive in people with autoimmune issues [35]. It primarily consists of water and starch and is a source of: Chinese yam is safe for most adults, but if you’re taking medication, talk to your doctor about possible side effects. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical regions, especially in Africa, South America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Oceania. In the midst of the Coronavirus pandemic, we’ve got to do everything we can to keep our bodies as healthy as possible. Dioscorea polystachya can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Chinese yam is considered very safe to eat, but it may not be for everyone. A. Reznicek stand. Yams are native to warmer regions of both hemispheres, and several species are cultivated as staple food crops in the tropics. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Yes, like that kind of ant. Resources. Yam, any of several plant species of the genus Dioscorea, grown for their edible tubers. Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya or Dioscorea batatas) is an ornamental vine that is native to Asia. is a clickable link to peer-reviewed scientific studies. Talk to your doctor about better-studied alternatives for your health goals. We believe that the most accurate information is found directly in the scientific source. In 100g of Chinese yam, you can expect anywhere from 40 – 65 calories, mostly depending on their water content [14, 11, 12]. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. : 810115 (Download Help) Dioscorea polystachya TSN 810115 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Synonym(s): Dioscorea batatas Decne. Physical Characteristics They are about 8 in. Chinese yam contains multiple compounds that can mimic female sex hormones. Dioscorea polystachya Turez. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. De bulbils kan men ook gebruiken om de plant te vermeerderen, plant ze in het voorjaar gewoon in de aarde en er zal een nieuwe plant groeien. It is covered in a different article as well. Does the science support these uses? However, the studies listed below should not be interpreted as supportive of any health benefit. Chinese yam root (which may also be called a tuber or rhizome) was traditionally combined with other herbs to manage diabetes, improve women’s reproductive health, and support digestive health [2, 3, 4]. Plus, you can substitute it in many recipes that use other types of yams and sweet potatoes. Foliage The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. Chinese yams are a source of vitamins B1 and C. They also contain significant amounts of potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, and manganese [15, 11]. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Edited. It is used internally in the treatment of tiredness, weight loss, poor appetite, poor digestion, chronic diarrhoea, asthma, dry coughs, frequent or uncontrollable urination, diabetes and emotional instability. Yams can be available in the markets year-round. Mucilage from yam increased several indicators of immune function in animals, including [37]: As part of its immune-boosting effects in animals, Chinese yam increased inflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha and IL-6) [36, 37, 35]. Foliage. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. No clinical evidence supports the use of Chinese yam for any of the conditions listed in this section. Our team comprises of trained MDs, PhDs, pharmacists, qualified scientists, and certified health and wellness specialists. Appearance. Can be invasive if left unchecked. Multiple states, including Michigan, have active control programs whereby the government asks citizens to report sightings of Chinese yam. 2020 Jun 30;19(2):273-283. doi: 10.31083/j.jin.2020.02.69. Yam C: The Chinese. Vetiver oil is a lesser-known essential oil, but it has powerful properties. Central, North, South High Invasion Risk. Chinese yam is found in many habitats including forests, ravines, mountain slopes, along rivers and in disturbed areas. Dioscorea opposite (Nagaimo, Chinese yam, Japenese yam) is known as Dioscorea polystachya and Dioscorea oppositifolia. A staple of traditional Chinese medicine, this long tuber is used to increase female fertility and manage diabetes. The leaves are alternate proximally but can become opposite as they advance up the vine. It also grows in North America, but it isn’t related to the sweet potatoes called yams that are popular there. Local foraging of invasive Chinese yam may be safer than buying imported yam [50]. In lab settings, it also activated the enzyme aromatase, which makes estrogen. Jasmine loves helping people understand their brains and bodies, a passion that grew out of her dual background in biology and education. It primarily consists of water and starch and is a source of: vitamin B-1 vitamin C mucilage amylase amino acids glutamine Creams and dietary supplements made from the related Dioscorea villosa are claimed to contain human hormones and promoted as a medicine for a variety of purposes, including cancer prevention and the treatment of Crohn's disease and whooping cough. Combined supplements are readily available to purchase at health food stores or online. In rats, DOI increased estradiol and progesterone levels, prevented bone loss, and enhanced cognition [5]. Dioscorea polystachya in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. While the tuber and bulbs of Chinese yam are edible, generally only the tuber is consumed as food. These compounds (including diosgenin, DOI, adenosine, and arbutin) are currently under investigation for their potential against [18, 29, 30, 5]: Chinese yam may increase progesterone and estrogen levels, according to studies in menopausal rats. Although both synthetic and bioidentical hormones are therapeutic options that aim to compensate for the drop in sex hormones, neither is ideal [28]. Involved in protection against oxidative stress (Probable). Yams are carbohydrate rich, staple tuber vegetables of West African origin. (section Enantiophyllum), Chinese yam Dioscorea sansibarensis Pax (section Macroura), Zanzibar yam . The official scientific name of Chinese yam is Dioscorea polystachya. Catnip is known for its intoxicating effects in cats, but does it work the same way in humans? It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. Your email address will not be published. Share. General information about Dioscorea polystachya (DIUBA) Name Language; Chinese yam: English: cinnamon vine: English: yam vine: English: Batate Mucilage has traditionally been used to soften the skin and manage skin disorders. Cinnamon vine is another commonly used name for Dioscorea polystachya. Carefully read the label before you purchase Chinese yam supplements. Chinese Yam, Cinnamon Vine, Dioscorea oppositifolia L. Threat Level Category; Established: Vine: Similar Species May be confused with the following native and/or non-native species. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. by admin. It is applied externally to ulcers, boils and abscesses. It was introduced from Asia for ornamental, food, and medicinal purposes and escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. All Images Enlarge Image. Taxonomic Serial No. Here’s what you need to know about its benefits and how to use it safely. These combinations usually include rehmannia or schisandra; they may also include stranger ingredients, like cordyceps mycelium or polyrhachis ant extract. Dioscorea polystachya is an invasive herbaceous, twining vine that grows to about 16.4 ft. (5 m).It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States. It native to East Asia and was introduced to the Americas and Europe as an ornamental crop and food crop in the 19th century. People with conditions related to the stomach, spleen, kidneys, lungs, or skin may benefit from Chinese yam. Dioscorea polystachya Turcz. Dioscorea polystachya can form dense masses of vines that cover and kill native vegetation, including trees, within a variety of moist, disturbed habitats. The … The tubers are edible and usually cooked. Dioscorea polystachya is a short-day crop and likes a warm environment. De naam Dioscorea batatas wordt ook vaak gebruikt voor deze soort en ‘Chinese yam’ ook wel voor Dioscorea oppositifolia, een soort van India, Bangladesh, Myanmar en Sri Lanka. Although this herb has medical advantages, it also carries major drawbacks for the environment; it can quickly invade habitats and may reduce plant diversity. Has carbonate dehydratase and weak trypsin inhibitor activity detected by measuring the dehydration of sodium bicarbonate and the inhibition of trypsin-catalyzed hydrolysis of N-benzoyl-L-arginine-4-nitro anilide, respectively (PubMed:10552514). In its natural form, Chinese yam can be eaten: Chinese yam is also administered in creams and gels that can be applied directly to your skin. by admin. Dioscorea polystachya komt oorspronkelijk uit O-Azië en wordt in de VS als een invasieve plant beschouwd. Your email address will not be published. Media in category "Dioscorea polystachya" The following 34 files are in this category, out of 34 total. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 240732 ) with original publication details: Bull. We are dedicated to providing the most scientifically valid, unbiased, and comprehensive information on any given topic. Unlike Chinese yam, wild yam is often sold in the form of creams. Dioscorea polystachya (Dioscorea batatas – Decne.) The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. A temperate or subtropical plant. climbing vine native to China that is currently widespread throughout East Asia Dioscorea batatas Decne. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. A new yam festivalcelebrated with great fervor as symbolism to fresh crop and availability of fresh food inabundance all over Nigeria and Ghana. Most members of the yam family produce diosgenin, including the Chinese yam [16]. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou.Moscow 10(7):158. Chinese yam is a versatile tuber, with many beneficial health qualities, from helping with diarrhea, to relieving diabetes symptoms, to general antioxidant benefits. Dioscorea polystachya NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. It’s flavourful and nutritious with taste between a sweet potato and a regular potato. on Tue Oct 22 15:13:45 UTC 2019. You can identify this plant by its heart–shaped leaves and “air potatoes.” If you live in the United States (from southern Vermont to Georgia and as far west as Oklahoma), you may be able to gather it wild while helping out your local ecosystem [7, 48, 42]. This study shows that Chinese yam also has antioxidant properties. In one case study, 2.5 g of Chinese yam extract, in combination with other herbs, successfully improved fertility in a young woman [3]. In traditional Chinese medicine, it’s almost always combined with several other herbs, including schisandra and rehmannia. Common Names. If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please leave a comment or contact us at [email protected]. Baiyu) and the functional properties were investigated under the influence of pH and ionic strength. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. Links []. Chinese Yam escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. Dioscorea oppositifolia only grows in India, where I presume it is eaten. [24,29,50] Dioscorea oppositifolia L., misapplied The name Dioscorea oppositifolia has been consistently misapplied to Chinese yam in North America. Genetic relationship and identification of Dioscorea polystachya cultivars accessed by ISAP and SCAR markers Bin Peng1,2, Yanmei Zhang 2, Xiaoqin Sun , Mimi Li 2, Jiayu Xue and Yueyu Hang1,2,* 1 College of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, People’s Republic of China Dioscorea polystachya Turez. Fresh Chinese yams also contain 6.5% sugars and 6.5% proteins. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. We do not aim to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any illness or disease. Dioscorea villosa: leaves with unlobed blades, lacking bulbils in the axils, and alternate in the distal portion of the stem, and plants with rhizomes (vs. D. polystachya, with leaves with 3- to 5-lobed blades, with bulbils in the axils, and usually opposite in the distal portion of the stem, and plants tuberous). A. Reznicek stand. Meanwhile, diosgenin increased insulin sensitivity (by binding to PPAR gamma). Chinese yam is a climbing vine native to East Asia and invasive in the United States. DOI is an estrogen-stimulating protein recently discovered in Chinese yam. [1,2]. It’s flavourful and nutritious with taste between a sweet potato and a regular potato. Een culinaire spraakverwarring. This topic will deal with a plant n… The common name for the genus, yams, will be used when discussing information applicable to 2 or more of the above species. Inmiddels is de teelt van yam in vele werelddelen net zo belangrijk als de aardappelteelt in Europa. Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya Turcz.) Unlike Chinese yam, wild yam and Mexican yam are commonly used to make bioidentical hormones (estrogen and progesterone) used in menopausal therapy [7, 1, 8, 9]. What Are Steel Cut Oats, and Do They Have Benefits? A. Dioscorea spp. Dioscorea polystachya in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. As an herbal treatment, Chinese yam is mainly used to target the stomach and spleen, but also thought to help the lungs and kidneys. Finally, most commercial Chinese yam is grown and processed in China. Common Names. 2020 Jun 30;19(2):273-283. doi: 10.31083/j.jin.2020.02.69. Some of these may contain synthetic progesterone, though they may be promoted as containing natural progesterone. One yam, many names: the Chinese yam is widespread through East and Southeast Asia, and so has acquired a host of titles, including: cinnamon vine, nagaimo, huáishān, shānyào, huáishānyào, sanyak, củ mài, khoai mài, and more [42, 43, 44, 45, 46]. is a species of flowering plant in the yam family known by the common names Chinese yam and cinnamon vine. There might be additional resources available for intrepid foragers who want to go dig up this nutritious tuber! Diosgenin is used to make progesterone in the lab since it is chemically similar to sex hormones. It invades open to shady areas in the Eastern United States and likely similar climate zones. CHINESE YAM (Dioscorea opposita) Afdrukken E-mail [broodwortel - Chinese yam (EN)] Volgens oude Chinese literatuur werd de Chinese yam voor het eerst geteeld rond 3000 v.Chr. Naturalistes Moscou 7: 158 1837 . DIOSCOREA POLYSTACHYA WHOLE 64F87QJD5V Other General Record Details Names 12: Identifiers 6: DIOSCOREA POLYSTACHYA WHOLE 64F87QJD5V Other Approval Year Unknown. When they are picked fresh, Chinese yams are between 13.5% and 34% starch; the broad range may be due to differences in water content. However, according to the American Cancer Society, the claims are false and there is no evidence to support these substances being either safe or effective. (Kimet., 2003a). You can chop up the roots and stir-fry or saute with your spices of choice in just a couple of minutes. This…, Recently, kalonji has gained popularity for its purported weight loss benefits. Chinese yam and other wild yam extracts are often promoted to women as a natural alternative to postmenopausal hormone therapy. Unlike other yams, Chinese yam is not very sweet. Japanese people call it “nagaimo,” which translates to “long yam” [5, 6]. Dioscorea polystachya. Chinese yam is very easy to cook. Although the active compounds in Chinese yam may increase progesterone levels under some circumstances, the herb does not actually contain progesterone. It was introduced from Asia for ornamental, food, and medicinal purposes and escaped cultivation in the mid-1990s. Dioscorea polystachya aka Yam Berry aka Chinese Yam aka Mountain Potato . cv. Dioscorea batatas, Dioscorea decaisneana, Dioscorea opposita Conclusions by Zone.
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