16 Jonathan went to find David and encouraged him to stay strong in his faith in God. Read 1 Samuel 1:1-8. Who are the main characters in these verses? In 1 Samuel we read that the ark had been captured by the Philistine tribes. 1.) 20 Come down whenever you're ready, O king, and we will catch him and hand him over to you!". What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? ., p175. Had his counsel been followed, the result would have been critical for David. Cross-References. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. 1-samuel 23:16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army! Jonathan cooperated with God"s plans, but Saul resisted them. 1 Samuel 1–2:11 What does it mean to keep choosing God in the midst of successes and failures? Matthew 28:19-20). Session Two. They had taken it and tried to set it up in their temple. You shall be king over Israel, and I shall be next to you. God was protecting His servant. Haters Hate…but God 1 Samuel 23:14 Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand. David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) What was David’s response to what he saw (24:17)? In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack." David"s men were understandably afraid to attack the Philistines who had greater numbers and stronger forces. 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!" What did Samuel tell Saul? What do you learn about obeying God? God rejected Saul as King of Israel because of his haughty rebellion. In my last message, I told you about my friend, Karl Lind, who is waiting to be with the Lord. 1 Samuel lets the reader glimpse behind the scenes to see how God … As Samuel returned to his place, something very important had … 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12). He is constantly orchestrating events to work together to fulfill his purpose. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. Keilah was about three miles southeast of Adullam in the Shephelah, the foothills between the coastal plain on the west and the hill country of Judah on the east. Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. Eli explained to Samuel that God still does call people to serve him. Samuel was called to the prophetic office (i.e. Why do you think God showed this to David? 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. What lessons can we learn from this? She said to her husband, “After the boy is weaned, I will take him and present him before the Lord, and he will live there always.” []. "We know where David is hiding," they said. And the LORD said, "He will come. But Saul kept after him. "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him. But David's sin against Bathsheba shows this most vividly of all. If this should happen the people of the land will leave you. 1 Samuel 22. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah. 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. More people were siding with David and were turning from Saul. perfections) were evidently two stones or similar objects, one light and the other dark in color. So, people must not be too afraid to listen to God; and they must not be too proud to obey him. 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. 8 So Saul mobilized his entire army to march to Keilah and attack David and his men. * And will Saul actually come as I have heard? Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. The following is a suggested outline: I. Thank you for joining us today. King James Bible Online. 21 "The LORD bless you," Saul said. He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. Keilah evidently had only one gate by which people could enter and exit the town. Romans 12:17-21 – Never avenge yourselves. The Lord, who is a perfect Father, loves us and knows what will work out best in our lives. The Urim (lit. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). It’s always a pleasure to have you. In fact, I believe the two sections of the chapter are very much related, as we shall soon see. Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. 24 So the men of Ziph returned home ahead of Saul. In 1 Samuel we see the story of God’s people. 19 But now the men of Ziph went to Saul in Gibeah and betrayed David to him. 8 So Saul mobilized his entire army to march to Keilah and attack David and his men. The crucial question is: How do you respond when God deals with you in the aftermath of your sin? Was this the proper response? Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. God answered his prayers ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. What were the consequences disobedience in the Bible for Saul? In 1 Samuel 12:22, Samuel was speaking to people who were afraid because of their evil deeds. 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, "We have just witnessed how Saul, in an outburst of rage, became responsible for the destruction of the priestly city of Nob. Just as Saul"s men were about to close in on David, news reached Saul that the Philistines had invaded an unspecified area of Israel. What might be wrong with Saul’s requests to Samuel? 3 Now then, what do you have on hand? You are here: God >> The Bible >> 1 Samuel 23 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors.. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" 17 "Don't be afraid," Jonathan reassured him. 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. 1 Peter 3:9 – Do not repay evil for evil. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. "1, 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" His loyalty to His Creator was beyond question. The town of Ziph was12miles southeast of Keilah, and the wilderness of Ziph was near the town. He’s the God above all gods, the King above all kings. God told David to go against the Philistines first. Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. The willingness of the people of Keilah to hand their savior over to Saul demonstrates base ingratitude for David"s deliverance of them. Verse 2~David had the admirable quality of inquiring of Jehovah God. Whereas God promised to go with David and deliver the Philistines into his hands ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4), Saul promised to go with the Ziphites to destroy David among the Judahites ( 1 Samuel 23:23). . He trusted in God. “That’s nothing,” Karl respo… 29:29). Thus, it became Samuel’s task to anoint a king from among the people. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: 21 When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow, 22 Hannah did not go. 1 Samuel 22:3 "And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, [and be] with you, till I know what God will do … What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!". "Commentary on 1 Samuel 23:4". He is constantly in fear for his life. He did not become anxious and just wait. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. You are going to be the king of Israel, and I will be next to you, as my father is well aware.". Obedience. Why do you think God showed this to David? Used by Permission. Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. They slaughtered the Philistines and took all their livestock and rescued the people of Keilah. The following is a suggested outline: I. 1 Samuel 23. Religious observance without complete obedience is empty before God. Glory to Honor. Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. Nevertheless David attacked and soundly defeated the Philistines because of God"s promise and power. Saul my father also knows this.” 1 Samuel 23:17 “The Community” is a small group material created by Cru. David Saves Keilah. In contrast, … The writer gave credit to David for the victory ( 1 Samuel 23:5), but clearly it was God who enabled him to win against such a daunting foe ( 1 Samuel 23:4). In 1 Samuel 23: 7 Saul still thinks God is on his side. 1 Samuel 23. "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. The high priest carried them in the pocket on the front of his ephod (apron). 2 Samuel 23:3 "The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God." 11 # Short Commentary & Lesson from 1 Samuel 20.11-23 Had Jonathan wanted to, he could have easily betrayed David. Saul had taken revenge on the citizens of Nob for not telling him where David was. to be a special spokesman for God) when he was very young. David and Goliath: Bold Faith (1 Samuel 17) 3. They must listen to God’s words in a humble manner; they must speak to him in a manner that respects him. Exodus 28:30). Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. Hermon to the Red Sea, including the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea regions. Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. God is sovereign. Who wrote this book? 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.” God at work for David and this is the summary of 1 Samuel chapter 23. Because if you do not kill these men, they will again murder my caravans and even my ambassadors, and the ambassadors between us will cease. 23 Discover his hiding places, and come back with a more definite report. And the men who murdered my slaves, kill them and avenge their blood. Again the writer directed our attention back to Saul. Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. They thought that God might destroy their entire nation because of his anger against them. Herod the Great was another cunning ruler, who also was not worthy to be king, who tried to execute the Lord"s anointed, Jesus Christ (cf. In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. David had sought and received divine guidance and had succeeded at Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:1-14). ., p175.]. 23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. How did David receive strength during his trials? 20 Then David fled from ... lives, it is safe for you and there is no danger. It also reveals how fearful they were of Saul who had recently destroyed another town, Nob, for harboring David ( 1 Samuel 22:19). Jonathanʹs Friendship, Saulʹs Jealousy (1 Samuel 18‐20) 4. 11 Will the men of Keilah surrender me to him?
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