A female lays 20.5 eggs with an average of 6.35 eggs under controlled conditions. How to Treat Fruit Tree Borers. We have tried number of control measures (Deltamethrin (Decis) 2.8EC at 1 ml/L; Fully grown larva is dark brown in colour with short hair and white patches. Following are some ways to handle pomegranate post harvesting: The Fruit Needs Proper Washing And Cleaning. Symptoms – The female butterfly lay eggs on tender leaves and after hatching the larvae feeds on fruit by the boring hole. The affected fruits are subsequently attacked by fungus and bacteria, thus resulting in rotting and ultimately dropping off. Damage to Pomegranates is caused by larvae of Deudorix isocrates, which is commonly known as Anar Butterfly or Pomegranate Fruit Borer. Dig or plough around pomegranate tree immediately after harvest to expose the pupae to predatory birds, other natural enemies and the sun. Pomegranate fruit borer, Deudorix isocrates (Fab.) The fully grown the larvae exit the fruit by boring through the hard shell and spins a web, which ties the fruit or stalk to the main branch. Encarsia inaron parasites usually provide Biology: Eggs: Laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. Infected fruit generally are lighter in weight and the rind may be slightly off-color, such as a paler red, and may show some brownish-red discoloration. Fruit Rot. ... Pomegranate wilt: Yellowing and drooping of leaves. is a destructive pest which incurs up to 65% yield loss. Bored holes from which adult borer has escaped can be seen. Phomopsis sp. Flowering stage - spray NSKE 5% or neem formulations 2 ml/1; Apply dimethoate 30 EC 1.5 ml/1. The parasitoid Trichogramma species is effective in controlling the pest. Pomegranates have attractive flowers which bloom for a long time from late spring to summer. It is the most destructive pest of the pomegranate fruit. Sapota 71 Major Insect Pests Bud borer 71 Therefore the present investigation was carried -chemical methods against pomegranate fruit borer, D. epijarbas. Fruit scab: Speciloma sp. Pomegranate wilt: Complete wilting of plant. Pomegranate Fruit Borer. Fruit borer: Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) Fruit sucking moth: Eudocima spp. The female lays eggs on calyx of flowers and small fruits. is a major constraint in the production of appropriate quantity and quality fruits of pomegranate for domestic and export markets. (Thiodan 35EC) alternate with Cypermethrin (25EC), Fenvalerate (Fenval 10EC) has been tried to control this pest infestation management strategies would enhance the income of farmers without deteriorating environmental quality. The damaged fruit rots and then emits a foul smell. but these measures are not economically feasible and eco-friendly. The farmers suffer loss in … Fruit appears healthy during the initial stage. Pomegranate fruit borer 56 Thrips 57 Stem borer 58 Bark-eating caterpillar 59 Fruit piercing/sucking moth 60 Major Diseases Bacterial blight 62 Pomegranate wilt 64 Fungal spots and rots 65 Physiological Disorder Fruit cracking 68 Sun scald 69 Internal breakdown/Aril discoloration 69 6. The adult female lays eggs on 30 to 40 day old fruits. 1) Pomegranate butterfly (or) Fruit borer. Flowers occur on spurs of two to three-year wood and also on new wood. Once the eggs hatched, the caterpillar-like larvae known as the pomegranate fruit borer will bore into fruits and wreak havoc. At flowering stage, spray Azadirachtin 1500ppm @3.0ml/lit of water at 15 days intervals commencing from initiation of flowering up to harvesting, subject to the presence of fruit borer. PFB larvae bore into the pomegranate fruits soon after hatching from eggs laid on flowers or young fruit. Materials and Methods The bioefficacy studies were carried out in a 5 year old well managed orchard of pomegranate University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan. Treat your pomegranate tree with a pesticide at least twice, 30 days apart, to eliminate this insect. The butterflies are active during the daytime and oviposit (laying eggs) singly on the fruits, tender leaves, flower buds and stalks. Collect the damaged fruits and destroy them away from the field. Fruit borer. Furthermore, species of wasps, big-eyed bug (Geocoris sp), earwig, ground beetle, pentatomid bug (Eocanthecona furcellata) are reportedly effective against the fruit borer. Just send us a picture of your crop on WhatsApp and our Crop Doctor will help you to solve your problem. Pomegranate butterfly (or) Fruit borer (Deudorix isocrates) Infestation starts from flowering to button stage. is a fungus that attacks the fruit causing it to rot. Stressed trees are the ones peachtree borers attack. Fruit rot – is controlled by 0.15% of carbendazim spray during flower initiation; The pests that attack pomegranate plants are: Fruit borer – spraying 0.03% of phosphamidon during the fruit setting season is helpful in controlling the pests. Clipping off calyx cup of flowers immediately after pollination will help to reduce the egg load on the fruits and the damage level. Damage to Pomegranates is caused by larvae of Deudorix isocrates, which is commonly known as Anar Butterfly or Pomegranate Fruit Borer. Symptoms are mostly visible at later stages of infestation. Among them, infestation by Anar butterfly (fruit borer), Deudorix isocrates results in reduction of pomegranate fruit yield and heavy loss for growers. Fruit: Pomegranate Insect pest: Deudorix isocrates / Anar butterfly. Pupation: Occurs either inside the damaged fruits or on the stalk holding it. Hence, the objective of the research was to develop ecofriendly It is the most destructive pest of the pomegranate fruit. After processing, fruits should be sorted out as they can extract diseased and damaged fruits and pick safe fruits for further care. respectively and neem soap at 10 g/L; covering with brown paper bags, Control and weeding. University of Agricultural Sciences, India Symptoms. The name pomegranate derives from medieval Latin pōmum "apple" and grānātum "seeded". Restrictions. Plants do no… Pomegranate, Punicagranatum L. is an important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics serving dietetic, remedial and aesthetic values. The damage shows up around the bottom of the trunk in fall, but the stress began long before. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) 2. Convince yourself, it's free! and Cercospora sp. Biological studies revealed that female The fungus can grow inside the fruit without external decay symptoms. Pomegranate, Punicagranatum L. is an important fruit crop in tropics and sub-tropics serving dietetic, remedial and Diseases 2.1 Fruit scab: Speciloma sp. On hatching, caterpillars bore inside the developing fruits and feed inside. Damaged fruit may drop down. ICAR-Indian Institute of Horticultural Research, India, Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Agrotechnol. Fruit rot: Phytophthora spp., Aspergillus foetidus Thom & Raper; IPM for Pomegranate. Pomegranates are self- and cross-pollinated. Establishing light traps @ 1/acre to monitor the adult butterflies. When the disease progresses, larval stage holes can be detected as they are being plugged by the end segment of the larvae. Bag the fruits from an early age (when they are ca. Virachola isocrates, also called the pomegranate butterfly, will lay its eggs on flowers or developing produce. Feeding damage is most likely to occur between 30 to 50 days of age. They sometimes reach nuisance levels, depositing some honeydew on leaves and fruit. That damages the fruit and emits a foul smell. loss. After hatching, the larvae bore itself into the growing fruits, and feed on the pulp, developing seeds and tissues. The pomegranate flower is a beautiful offspring of its tree. 41 Pests Pomegranate butterfly or fruit borer: Virachola isocrates; V. livia Most important and widely distributed Symptoms: Offensive smell, excreta of caterpillars come out of the entry holes Apply metacid 50 EC 1ml/l at fortnight interval Foliar application of synthetic pyrethroids @ … Adult males have glossy blue wings, females have brownish violet with an orange circular spot on the forewing. Other forms of caterpillar or stem borers may also be evident. 1.1 Pomegranate aphid: Aphis punicae Passerini (Homoptera: Aphididae) 1.2 Mealy bugs: Ferrisia virgata Cockerell (Homoptera: Coccidae) 1.3 Fruit borer: Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) 1.4 Fruit sucking moth: Eudocima spp. Bird species will also feed on the caterpillar. Predators of D. isocrates are lacewing, ladybird beetle, spider, red ant, dragonfly, robber fly, reduviid bug and praying mantis. They can be placed in the middle and on the edges of the field. The incidence is less in March and steadily increases till it reaches its peak in September. Release them @ 1.0 lakh/acre four times at 10 days interval. Chlorantraniliprole (Coragen) 20SC at 0.4 ml/L; Bt (Dipel) at 1 ml/L; combination of neem soap+Bt at 10 g/L and 1 ml/L, The pomegranate fruit borer or pomegranate butterfly are pests common in Asia, especially India and Sri Lanka. Total life cycle is completed in 1 to 2 months. The arils contain a seed surrounded by an edible juicy pulp. Spray one of the following chemicals: dimethoate (2 ml/lit), indoxacarb (1 g/lit), cypermethrin (1.5 ml/lit) or profenophos (2 ml/lit) at a fortnightly interval from flowering to fruit development.
2020 pomegranate fruit borer