(5.1-20.3 cm) long and shiny with blunt teeth and heart-shaped bases. Height: 20 - 30 feet. Morus alba 'Fruitless' - Fruitless Mulberry Rapid growing, rounded, broadleaf, deciduous tree Height to 60' - Spread to 60' Likes sun Hardy to about -5°F Prune to shape Large shade tree Heat and alkali tolerant Morus alba, known as white mulberry, is a fast-growing, small to medium-sized mulberry tree which grows to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall. Bacterial blight may kill foliage/branches. The nature of the diecious condition in. [2] The species is native to northern China and India,[3] and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, Turkey, Iran, etc.).[4][5][6][7][8][9]. It can eventually attain a maximum width of 4 m. The final height attained depends on the height of the graft. Glossy, rounded, usually 2-3 lobed (but sometimes unlobed), dark green leaves (to 8” long) have serrate margins and uneven (sometimes cordate) bases. Seedless. Zone 3- 8. Mulberry ‘Issai’ (Morus alba) Rare and hard-to-find, this dwarf mulberry has performed admirably for us as a container plant. Where is this species invasive in the US. [33][34] Studies have shown that these compounds may help reduce high cholesterol, obesity, and stress.[33][35]. Foliage The alternate leaves are polymorphic (variably shaped), 2-8 in. The species is native to northern China and India , and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere (United States, Mexico, Australia, Kyrgyzstan, Argentina, Turkey, Iran, etc. Height: 30 - 50 feet. Morus alba holds center stage as for having the most cultivars. The trees are generally deciduous in temperate regions, but trees grown in tropical regions can be evergreen. 3D Warehouse is adding a new feature for verified companies like yours. Leaves Ovate to Cordate sometimes Lobed, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. In older specimens the branches grow out somewhat in the width. Lucky is the child who has a weeping mulberry tree (Morus alba "Pendula") to transform into a playhouse, fort, castle or spaceship. Other common names: Russian mulberry, white mulberry. It enjoys warmth and is an ideal mulberry tree for growing in the southern United States. [32], Morus alba is a traditional Chinese medicine that contains alkaloids and flavonoids that are bioactive compounds. Regular water needs once established. as the primary diet for silkworms used to make silk. It is a medium-sized tree that is o… Read more Has Deciduous foliage. [17] The plant's pollen has become problematical in some cities where it has been blamed for an increase in hay fever. Fast growing. It has been grown widely from the Indian subcontinent[5] west through Afghanistan and Iran to southern Europe for over a thousand years for leaves to feed silkworms. The stamens act as catapults, releasing stored elastic energy in just 25 µs. Stains may also be unwittingly brought indoors on the bottom of shoes. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen from July to August. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/moralb/all.html Growth Rate: 36 or More Inches per Year. Rounded or Vase Shape. Whiteflies mass on some trees. Morus alba ‘Chaparral' and Morus alba ‘Pendula’ are generally considered to be better landscape options than species plants. Flowers in Spring. The fruit is larger than our dwarf mulberry and the plant flowers and fruits most of the year in repeating cycles. Russian mulberry is a very hardy and drought tolerant tree. Morus alba 'Stribling' Fruitless Mulberry. [21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31] Cyanidin-3-O-beta-ᴅ-glucopyranoside and Sanggenon G extracted from Morus alba were studied in animals models for some effects on the central nervous system, but clinical trials are necessary to confirm the effects. Mature Height: 35-80′ Soil / Climate: Native to northern China and is widely cultivated and naturalized elsewhere. 380*82-1), Invasive.org: U.S. National Forest Service, Invasive Species Weed of the Week −, "Morus alba L. Diminishes visceral adiposity, insulin resistance, behavioral alterations via regulation of gene expression of leptin, resistin and adiponectin in rats fed a high-cholesterol diet", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morus_alba&oldid=989514580, Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine, Articles with dead external links from April 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 12:28. Morus alba 'Pendula' (Weeping White Mulberry) is a small, gracefully weeping deciduous tree with curtain-like, gnarled branches sometimes kissing the ground - and enclosing a fun hideout for children. Data Source and Documentation : About our new maps. (Source: Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States) Up-to-the-minute distribution maps and why they are important Fertilized flowers on female trees are followed by sweet, edible blackberry-like fruits (cylindrical drupes to 1” long) that mature in June. Leaves broadly ovate with a heart-shaped base, usually pointed, sometimes rounded at the apex, frequently three-lobed, varying much in size, from 3 to 8 in. Extremely precocious, self fruiting, and heavy yielding over much of the summer. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. The White Mulberry Tree (Morus alba) is native to China. Trees were introduced into North America in colonial times in an effort to establish a silk industry. Morus alba is a fast growing, small to medium sized deciduous tree that is native to China. The seeds are widely dispersed in the droppings of birds that eat the fruit. Best in full sun. [10], Two varieties of Morus alba are recognized:[4], Cultivation of white mulberry for silkworms began over four thousand years ago in China. Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Tree: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: MOAL: Plant Notes: White Mulberry is an introduced deciduous tree in the Mulberry family (Moraceae). Morus alba is a fast-growing shrub or moderate-sized tree with a fairly cylindrical, straight bole, up to 35 m high and 1.8 m in girth, without buttresses; bark dark greyish-brown, rough with vertical fissures; exuding white or yellowish-white latex. It forms a small tree with branches that grow vertically downwards at first. The white mulberry has been cultivated in Asia and Southern Europe since antiquity. Small yellowish-green flowers in drooping catkins bloom in spring (March-April). The species is monoecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but both sexes can be found on the same plant). Center for New Crops & Plant Products. the plant is a tree Leaf type the leaf blade is simple (i.e., lobed or unlobed but not separated into leaflets) Leaves per node there is one leaf per node along the stem Leaf blade edges ... Morus alba … Deciduous tree. Tree Characteristics. It is hardy to zone (UK) 4. [4][5][13], The white mulberry is scientifically notable for the rapid plant movement involved in pollen release from its catkins. [10] Its berries are edible when ripe. [13], More recently, it has become widely naturalized in disturbed areas such as roadsides and the edges of tree lots, along with urban areas in much of North America, where it hybridizes readily with the locally native red mulberry (Morus rubra). [16] The species has become a popular lawn tree across the desert cities of the southwestern United States, prized for its shade and also for its cylindrical berry clusters composed of sweet, purplish-white fruits. Fall color is an unattractive yellow (sometimes green, yellow and brown).Genus name comes from the Latin name.Specific epithet comes from the Latin word meaning white in reference to fruit color. Best grown in rich, moist, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Erect or Spreading with a Low Canopy. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 2009 64:2 (116-121), Neutralization of local and systemic toxicity of, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "The thickest, tallest, and oldest white mulberry trees (Morus alba)", http://old.worldagroforestry.org/treedb2/AFTPDFS/Morus_alba.PDF, SEINet, Southwestern Biodiversity, Arizona chapter, Schaffner, John H. 1919. Best hardy variety. In 2002, 6,260 km2 of land were devoted to the species in China. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Glossy leaf surfaces distinguish this tree from red mulberry. The British Journal of Nutrition 2010 104:1 (8-16), In vivo hypoglycemic effects of phenolics from the root bark of, Mulberroside A Possesses Potent Uricosuric and Nephroprotective Effects in Hyperuricemic Mice Wang C.-P., Wang Y., Wang X., Zhang X., Ye J.-F., Hu L.-S., Kong L.-D. [Article in Press] Planta Medica 2010, Mulberry leaf extract restores arterial pressure in streptozotocin-induced chronic diabetic rats Naowaboot J., Pannangpetch P., Kukongviriyapan V., Kukongviriyapan U., Nakmareong S., Itharat A. M. alba is a multipurpose tree widely planted in tropical, subtropical and mild temperate regions of the world for fodder and silkworm rearing, and for fruit and timber production (Gupta, 1993). While, indeed, there are many white-fruited cultivars, most cultivars have ripe fruit that is pink to black in color. White mulberry– The reported distribution of this invasive species across the United States. Bacterial leaf scorch, powdery mildew and root rot may also occur. A deciduous tree 30 to 45 ft high, with a rounded head of branches and a trunk 6 ft in girth; young shoots downy at first, becoming more or less glabrous by autumn. It can grow on most soils. Flowers Inconspicuous. [11][12] The fruit is 1–1.5 cm (0.4–0.6 in) long; in the species in the wild it is deep purple, but in many cultivated plants it varies from white to pink; it is sweet but bland, unlike the more intense flavor of the red mulberry and black mulberry. On older trees, the leaves are generally 5–15 cm (2.0–5.9 in) long, unlobed, cordate at the base and rounded to acuminate at the tip, and serrated on the margins. Morus Alba Platanifolia -Mulberry Tree. Leaves Ovate to Cordate sometimes Lobed, Dark Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Spreading with a High Canopy. Illinois Everbearing Mulberry has a very sweet delicious flavor. The fruit and resulting bird droppings are messy and will stain pavements, automobiles and areas around the home. This plant is listed as a noxious weed in one or more Midwestern states outside Missouri and should not be moved or grown under conditions that would involve danger of dissemination. Fruits are loved by birds. Your content is now stored within your company organization. No serious insect or disease problems. Forms heavy surface roots. Renders well in v-ray. Borers may be a problem particular in the South. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. The cultivation began over four thousand years ago in China. The plant is self-fertile. It is generally a short-lived tree with a lifespan comparable to that of humans, although there are some specimens known to be over 250 years old. Introduced M. alba has been found to be associated with invasion events in Oregon and Virgina (USA) and South Africa ( Haysom and Murphy, 2003 ). Forms broad, rounded canopy. Good shade tree. The trunk of large trees 1–2½' across. Morus alba, an introduced species, and its numerous cultivars readily hybridize with Morus rubra and are beginning to “naturalize” at an unparalleled rate. It is also notable for the rapid release of its pollen, which is launched at over half the speed of sound. Species trees often appear unkempt. In earlier times the tree played an important part in the breeding of silkworms. Morus alba Linnaeus: Common Name: White Mulberry; Silkworm Mulberry; Russian Mulberry: Habitat: Various open sites. Width: 30 - 45 feet. It is generally a short-lived tree with a lifespan comparable to that of humans, although there are some specimens known to be over 250 years old. Trunk bark is usually grayish brown with flattened ridges and shallow vertical furrows; on very old trees, the bark becomes gray and coarse with curving deep furrows. White mulberry is usually dioecious (separate male and female trees). Data related to Morus alba at Wikispecies, Burgess, K.S., Morgan, M., Deverno, L., & Husband, B. C. (2005). Morus nigra seeds are 3 to 4 mm in length; compared to Morus alba, Morus rubra and Morus macroura, which range from 1.5 to 2.5 mm in length. Morus alba NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Although the industry never took hold, the trees did take hold and have over time escaped cultivation and naturalized in fields, waste areas, forest margins and along roads throughout much of the U.S. Morus alba is a deciduous Tree growing to 18 m (59ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. Prune in late fall or winter to avoid bleeding. The leaves of this tree have been used in China since at least 2600 B.C. long and up to 6 in. The Red Mulberry Tree (Morus rubra) is native to North America. Longevity 50 to 150 years. Has Deciduous foliage. Width: 30 - 50 feet. The Morus alba has a long and rich history of cultivation as a requirement for silkworm rearing. It usually develops a wide-spreading crown with age. [5][13], For landscaping, a fruitless mulberry was developed from a clone for use in the production of silk in the U.S. It originates from Florida and bears large black fruits. Purdue University. ). The industry never materialized, but the mulberry variety is now used as an ornamental tree where shade is desired without the fruit. Zones: 5-9. Messy fruit may be a concern. The weeping mulberry tree, Morus alba Pendula, is a dwarf variety of the Chinese tree. It is a rounded, fast-growing, deciduous tree that typically grows to 30-50’ tall and as wide. Watch for scale, mites and mealybugs. Wh Flowers Inconspicuous. Appearance Morus alba is a small, 30-50 ft. (9.1-15.2 m) tall, deciduous tree that invades disturbed areas throughout the United States.

morus alba tree

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